Powershell get ad user group membership recursive

There are so many time-saving things PowerShell can do with AD objects. Using PowerShell get AD group members and groups saves a ton of time. Active Directory groups are a great way to segment out user accounts. Groups allow admins to define resources access across many systems.

You can then use this information to generate tons of interesting reports. If you'd like to follow along in this article, please be sure you have the following requirements ready to go:. Get-AdGroupMember looks inside of each group and returns all user accounts, groups, contacts and other objects that exist in that group.

The Filter parameter is required. It exists to limit the groups returned based on various criteria. You can see an example below. Scrolling through all of these groups may take awhile if you have hundreds or even thousands in your domain. It allows you to limit your query down to a single AD object. For example, if you needed to check if a group called HR existed, you could find out by running the command below.

This cmdlet gets user, group and computer objects in a particular group. Perhaps you need to find all members of the Administrators group. In its simplest form, you'd simply use the Identity parameter again specifying the name of the group as below.

Get nested group membership - function

As you may know, AD groups can not only contain user accounts but other groups also called nesting. When a group is nested inside of another group, the members of that group inherit the same permissions assigned to the parent group. To remediate that, you can use the Recursive parameter. For example, you could find members of groups nested inside of the HR group using the Recursive parameter as shown below.

If you need to query AD for many different groups or group members at once, you can also do that using a PowerShell foreach loop. A foreach loop runs a command or code for each item in a collection. In this case, that collection will be a list of group names. To do that, you'd first create a collection or array of these group names. Then, for each name in that collection, run Get-ADGroupMember providing the name of each group to the Identity parameter. By default, whenever you run an AD group cmdlet, it uses your logged-in credentials to query Active Directory.

This behavior dictates you need to be on a domain-joined computer logged in as an Active Directory user that has permission. But what if you're on a workgroup computer or need to authenticate to AD as a different user?

In that case, you can use the Credential parameter. This parameter allows you to specify a username and password to use for authentication. For example, perhaps your user account doesn't have the right to perform an AD task. You have a service account with additional rights.

You can be logged in as a standard user yet still authenticate with the service account as shown below.We use cookies to provide and improve our services. By using our site, you consent to cookies. Learn more. The other day, one customer asked for a solution to get full user membership in Active Directory for audit purposes. The solution should retrieve not only direct group membership, but indirect through group nesting too.

Although, the question is plain and simple, solution is very interesting from various perspectives. Quick diagram observation suggests us that we have a directed graph it is not a treewhere users and groups are vertexes and membership relations are directed edges. Arrows identify relationship direction. Our graph contains two users, User1 and User2 and eight groups: G1 … G8. For description purposes I labeled all edges. This should be clear.

While it looks pretty legitimate, we may encounter the following issues and we definitely will with the current diagram :.

The same thing is for G7. Especially when there are a lot of duplicates. If we do not take additional steps, the code will enter into an infinity loop and eventually will fail with stack overflow exception.

To avoid both potential issues, we have to keep a separate array where we would store visited vertexes groups. And during each group processing we will check whether the current vertex was already visited and skip if we did. By doing this we will implement a very basic spanning tree algorithm where we convert our graph into tree, so from each Group vertex only single path will exist down to a User vertex. At this point we do not care about which path is shortest, because edges have zero cost.

An updated algorithm would look as follows:.I'm looking for a powershell script that will get me: 1 the name of the OU's, and 2 the count of the number of adusers in each OU. The specific OU I'm wanting to run this in is "contoso. Any help would be much appreciated :. This does exactly what I want but I would have to type in each OU name.

Another approach to this is using the Group-Object cmdlet. Here I get all the OU's from each user I have to use RegEx to easily pull the string out of each distinguishedName and once you have an array of objects, it's easy peesy! You can use Read-Host to prompt the user for an OU. Here's an example with a bit of validation added on:. The Computer class has a property 'subClassof' to the User class.

Therefore, queries made to the User class will query computers as well. It might be out of date as it was posted but you may be able to use the searchscope parameter to help you.

It has the -SearchScope parameter too.

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If you don't want the recursive count, use -SearchScope OneLevel. Matt is correct. It will search recursively through the child OU's but will total all the users in every child OU.

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I'm guessing you want the count per OU? If so you would have to use and array and loop I would imagine. In the Expression scriptblock, I use the -match operator to trigger a RegEx match. One of the features of RegEx is you can select text out by surrounding it in parenthesis, and I named the extracted text "OU" by using?

Martin, I have seen you around Spiceworks before. I appreciate your quick script. It has worked perfectly for me. One more question, since this is pulling Disabled accounts as well, where would I insert the parameter to exclude disabled accounts? To continue this discussion, please ask a new question. Get answers from your peers along with millions of IT pros who visit Spiceworks. PowerShell Active Directory Management Research Guide. Best Answer. Pure Capsaicin. Martin This person is a verified professional.The Get-ADPrincipalGroupMembership cmdlet gets the Active Directory groups that have a specified user, computer, group, or service account as a member.

This cmdlet requires a global catalog to perform the group search. If the forest that contains the user, computer, or group does not have a global catalog, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error. If you want to search for local groups in another domain, use the ResourceContextServer parameter to specify the alternate server in the other domain. The Identity parameter specifies the user, computer, or group object that you want to determine group membership for.

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This command gets all of the group memberships for the Administrator account in the local domain in the resource domain ChildDomain. Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task.

The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default.

If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

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If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory PowerShell returns a terminating error. Specifies an Active Directory principal object by providing one of the following property values. The acceptable values for this parameter are:.

The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object. If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error. This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance. Use this parameter with the ResourceContextServer parameter to specify a partition hosted by the specified server.

If the ResourceContextPartition parameter is not specified, the default partition of the ResourceContextServer is searched. Specifies that the cmdlet return a list of groups that the user is a member of and that reside in the specified domain.

Use this parameter to search for groups in a domain that is not the domain where the user's account resides. To search a partition other than the default partition in this domain, also specify the ResourceContextPartition parameter. A principal object that represents a user, computer or group is received by the Identity parameter.

Derived types, such as the following are also received by this parameter:. Returns group objects that have the specified user, computer, group or service account as a member.

Specify the additional properties required from the group objects by passing the -Properties parameter to Get-ADGroup. Submit and view feedback for.

Skip to main content. Contents Exit focus mode.Members can be users, groups, and computers. The Identity parameter specifies the Active Directory group to access.

powershell get ad user group membership recursive

You can also specify the group by passing a group object through the pipeline. If the Recursive parameter is specified, the cmdlet gets all members in the hierarchy of the group that do not contain child objects. This command gets all the members of the Enterprise Admins group including the members of any child groups.

powershell get ad user group membership recursive

Specifies the user account credentials to use to perform this task. The default credentials are the credentials of the currently logged on user unless the cmdlet is run from an Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell provider drive. If the cmdlet is run from such a provider drive, the account associated with the drive is the default. If you specify a user name for this parameter, the cmdlet prompts for a password. You can then set the Credential parameter to the PSCredential object.

If the acting credentials do not have directory-level permission to perform the task, Active Directory module for Windows PowerShell returns a terminating error.

PowerShell and AD groups

Specifies an Active Directory group object by providing one of the following values. The identifier in parentheses is the LDAP display name for the attribute. The acceptable values for this parameter are:. The cmdlet searches the default naming context or partition to find the object.

If two or more objects are found, the cmdlet returns a non-terminating error. This parameter can also get this object through the pipeline or you can set this parameter to an object instance. Specifies the distinguished name of an Active Directory partition. The distinguished name must be one of the naming contexts on the current directory server. The cmdlet searches this partition to find the object defined by the Identity parameter.

In many cases, a default value is used for the Partition parameter if no value is specified. The rules for determining the default value are given below. Note that rules listed first are evaluated first and once a default value can be determined, no further rules are evaluated.By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information.

I'm trying to make a PS script which would list all Active Directory user group membership recursive. But script doesn't list groups recursively, i. If you make it a function you can call it recursively. Check this out, I think you'll be pleased with the results:. Now, depending on the size of your AD structure that may take quite a while, but it will get you what you were looking for.

powershell get ad user group membership recursive

Sorry I am publishing an answer for a question from 3 years ago but if someone will see it, it can help. It is very easy. Learn more. Asked 6 years, 1 month ago. Active 2 years, 9 months ago. Viewed 42k times. What should I add to the first script that it writes group membership recursively?

Phoneutria Phoneutria 4 4 gold badges 8 8 silver badges 17 17 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. Thanks for the code you provided. But I get error "The term 'Get-ADGroupsRecursive' is not recognized as the name of a cmdlet, function, script file, or operable program.

Then you did not put the function that I provided at the top of your script and you tried to run the second part of what I provided either before it or without it entirely. You're right, now that part works. But I get error on append part. Perhaps you should update your question with what you are using and post the error that you are getting at this point.

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PowerShell: Recursively Show Group Membership for an Active Directory Object

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powershell get ad user group membership recursive

You can pass the desired Username as a parameter and execute the VBScript. That's it. The script will do the job and display the result.

The same VBScript can be downloaded from h. Downloaded 13, times.

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Favorites Add to favorites. Category Active Directory. Sub category Searching Active Directory. License MIT. Share it:. Q and A This script is tested on these platforms by the author. It is likely to work on other platforms as well. If you try it and find that it works on another platform, please add a note to the script discussion to let others know. To provide feedback or report bugs in sample scripts, please start a new discussion on the Discussions tab for this script.


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